Research and development and entrepreneurship
Private sector research and development expenditure
The percentage shows the share of the private sector research and development expenditure in the GDP. Research and development means creative and systematic work undertaken for the generation and application of new knowledge.
2019: 0.88 % of GDP
In “Estonia 2035” and Government Action Plan, yellow leaves indicate that the indicator value is improving but the desired result has not been achieved.
% of GDP
Source: Statistics EstoniaMore information